This agitation resulted in both reforms and the sprouting of "African Initiated Churches." Born in Carthage, a cultural center much influenced by Roman authority, Tertullian is the first Christian author to write extensively in Latin, for which he was known as the 'Father of Western Theology'. Most Important Figures in Ancient History, Ancient Syrian Facts, History and Geology, The Arian Controversy and the Council of Nicea, Postgraduate Certificate in Education, University College London. Philip encountered a man from Ethiopia on a road leading from Jerusalem to Gaza. As a Christian, I believe that God’s historical providence directed the events that led to Christianity’s development. Saints Felicity and Perpetua are celebrated by a feast day on March 7th. Christianity found its way to Sudan in the 1st century as well, and the region's Nubian churches had links to those in Egypt. Tertullian, the “Father of Latin Christianity,” had labored in North Africa during the latter years of the second century and the early years of the third. Mark arrived in Egypt around 42 C.E., Philip traveled all the way to Carthage before heading east into Asia Minor, Matthew visited Ethiopia (by way of Persia), as did Bartholomew. The impact of Christianity on sub-Saharan Africa1 Matsobane J Manala Department of Philosophy, Practical and Systematic Theology University of South Africa, Pretoria, South Africa Abstract The aim of this article is to describe the impact of Christianity on sub-Saharan Africa. The Alexandria-based church initially used Greek, and it was not until the late 2nd century that both the liturgy and the scriptures were translated into three native languages. Because North Africa was heavily under Roman rule, Christianity was spread through the region by the use of Latin rather than Greek. It was a direct statement against Roman rule. While all civilizations have their moral systems, Christianity differed from the pagan religions in that its God was all-wise, all-knowing and was morally perfect (or so the Christians believed), and so for these reasons Christianity spread like a wild fire over the next few centuries. AICs have also demonstrated a strong missionary tendency in that most of the spread of Christianity throughout Africa in the 20 th century can be attributed to African Independent Churches. The third key factor in the spread of Christianity through North Africa was the resentment of the population to Roman administration, particularly the imposition of taxes, and the demand that the Roman Emperor be worshiped akin to a God. The Montanists were harsh moralists, but even they proved to lax for Tertullian in the end, and he founded his own sect a few years before 220 C.E. The World Book Encyclopedia has stipulated that Christians constitute 80% of Africa's population in 2002. In recent times the term has been applied to a vast extension of territory over 1200 miles wide stretching from Tripoli in the east to Casablanca in the west and from the Mediterranean in the north to the Sahara in the south. Tertullian (c.160--c.220 C.E.) PIOneer mission in Africa greatly discouraged other volunteers who were wilting to come to Africa and carry out missionary work. Explain the factors involved in the spread of Christianity in the Roman Empire both before and after the conversion of Constantine. All maps, graphics, flags, photos and original descriptions © 2021 worldatlas.com, The Origin And Growth Of Christianity In Africa, African Countries Where Christianity is the Largest Religion, Types Of Crimes By Number Of Offenses In The US, The 10 Biggest Shopping Malls In The World. Nairaland Forum / Nairaland / General / Religion / 5 Factors That Led To The Spread Of Islam In Nigeria (13211 Views) 136 Christians Convert To Islam In Kwara State / Factors That Can Lead To Sexual Impurity / T.B. It had a mostly friendly rivalry with the School of Antioch which was based around a literal interpretation of the Bible. It is some of these Christians who stayed in the desert for prayers after the end of the persecution and founded Christian monasticism. Amongst the achievements of Victor I are his endorsement for the change of Easter to the Sunday following the 14th of Nisan (the first month of the Hebrew calendar) and the introduction of Latin as the official language of the Christian church (centered in Rome). Islam spread in West Africa through the activities and efforts of Al Murabidun( strugglers) i.e. The Nile Valley was feeding Rome. There were many social, geographical, historical and religious issues prevailing at the time of Christ and all of which were favorable to the spread of Christianity. From the seventh century onwards, Muslim traders from the Maghreb and the Sahara started settling first in some of the market centres in the Sahel and then in the Savanna areas. In his early years, he traveled extensively around the Mediterranean and studied the Greek philosophers. Related but distinct from that are the historical reasons why Christianity was able to be successful. Because North Africa was heavily under Roman rule, Christianity was spread through the region by the use of Latin rather than Greek. JD Fage, Volume 2, Cambridge University Press, 1979. His most important surviving work is the trilogy Protreptikos ('Exhortation'), Paidagogos ('The Instructor'), and the Stromateis ('Miscellanies') which considered and compared the role of myth and allegory in ancient Greece and contemporary Christianity. Its Fertile Crescent contained one of the earliest culture hearths where civilization developed. Explain the factors involved in the spread of Christianity in the Roman Empire both before and after the conversion of Constantine. It is recorded that in 180 C.E. The Portuguese attempted to introduce a Catholic-influenced form of Christianity between the 16th and 18th centuries in the Kongo Kingdom, but it did not last for long. Answers. Poor infrastructure system led Portuguese man power filed to spread the Christianity in the coast of east Africa is lacking man power … Joshua Takes Steps Against The Spread Of Ebola The Main Factors in the Spread of Islam. One of the most important Christian theologians and biblical scholars was Oregenes Adamantius, aka Origen (c.185--254 C.E.). He was an intellectual Christian who debated with those suspicious of scholarship and taught several notable ecclesiastical and theological leaders (such as Origen, and Alexander the Bishop of Jerusalem). 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