James Clark Ross BirthdayTuesday, April 15, 1800 BirthplaceLondon DiedThursday, April 03, 1862 NationalityBritish Known for Antarctic exploration The following article is from The Great Soviet Encyclopedia (1979). Ring in the new year with a Britannica Membership, This article was most recently revised and updated by, https://www.britannica.com/biography/James-Clark-Ross. Nevertheless, on 23 February they were again at the Barrier at 78°10´S—their furthest south, a record that would not be surpassed for 50 years. Test your knowledge of the world’s explorers by taking this quiz. In two strokes of luck the ships parted and Crozier found a gap through what had seemed a single berg. Ross was orientated towards the Magnetic Pole, and he was disappointed to encounter land instead of open water. Also on board was 22-year-old naturalist Joseph Hooker, who later brought London’s Kew Gardens to their full Victorian glory. Ross dressed up as a woman, and one officer later wrote to his sister, describing the festivities: “Captain Crozier and Miss Ross opened the ball with a quadrille … Ices and refreshments were handed round … You would have laughed to see the whole of us, with thick overall boots on, dancing, waltzing and slipping about … Ladies fainting with cigars in their mouths—to cure which the gentlemen would politely thrust a piece of ice down her back … a “lady” burnt the back of my hand with a cigar.”. After six frustrating weeks they were finally forced to give up and resumed an eastward course. Crozier usually refused, unable to even look at Erebus for very long knowing James Clark Ross wasn't on it, let alone step foot on it, especially with his resentment of James Fitzjames. 15 April 1800, possibly in Scotland, third son of George Ross and Christian Clark; d. 3 April 1862 in Aylesbury, England. The ships remained trapped as the ice drifted north, and on 19 January 1842 a gale ground the ice against the ships, smashing their rudders. Early on in the expedition, Crozier's personal supply of coffee and tea were mistakenly delivered to Fitzjames. The only chance was the intricate maneuver “stern board,” in which a square rigger sails backward—this in a storm with the rigging and sails tied in knots. Answer to: What did James Clark Ross discover? An ice floe between the two ships became a dance floor to celebrate the holiday in style. Born on 15 April 1800, he joined the Royal Navy before his twelfth birthday. James Clark Ross was an Englishman who by 1839 was the most experienced polar officer in the world. At first they saw few icebergs, but some emerged through the fog and snow of 12 March. ... on April 15, 1800 in London, England Died: on April 03, 1862 in Aylesbury, England Explorer; tweet. By signing up, you'll get thousands of step-by-step solutions to your homework questions. James Clark Ross (15 April 1800 – 3 April 1862) was a British explorer of the Antarctic who, between 1839 and 1843, commanded an Antarctic expedition comprising the vessels HMS Erebus and HMS Terror; he charted much of the coastline of the continent. Sir James Clark Ross went to Antarctica in between 1839 and 1843. Few could hear Ross’s calm commands in the chaos, but his do-or-die tactic was successful and Erebus joined Terror in the shelter of the iceberg. During his expedition, he charted much of the coastline and discovered many areas he named, Including the Ross Sea. When did James Ross Snowden die? But apart from some surveying around the eastern side of the tip of the Antarctic Peninsula, their main discovery was ice in all its permutations, cutting every access to the south. They were to winter on the Falklands, and the next day they set out on the long voyage around Cape Horn. With its immense,…. Sir James Clark Ross was born on the 15th of April 1800 in Londen.Ross achieved an ice shelf named after him. He served on a number of arctic expeditions with Edward Parry and became very proficient with arctic exploration. Amazingly, two days later the ships were able to continue to the Falklands, arriving on 6 April. Conditions worsened around midnight and Ross ordered Erebus to heave to for the night. James Clark Ross rose to prime prominence as a Explorer. Ross, James Clark Born Apr. Further Reading on Sir James Clark Ross. James Clark Ross was born in 1800,London. He later led his own journey to Antarctica. His own Antarctic expedition of 1839–43 was undertaken to conduct magnetic observations and to reach the south magnetic pole. Sir James Ross, plaster cast of a medallion by Bernhard Smith, …expedition led by British explorer James Clark Ross, which discovered the Ross Sea, the Ross Ice Barrier (now called the Ross Ice Shelf), and the Victoria Land coast. 13 James Clark Ross (1839-43) When James Clark Ross set sail from England on 5 October 1839, Wilkes and Dumont d’Urville had already ventured into the … It was said that an agreement with her family prevented him from accepting the command of the Franklin Expedition, which was in the first instance offered to him. James Clark Ross Died. But there was bad news as well as good: Ross’s national pride was pricked to learn that Dumont d’Urville and Wilkes had spent their second Antarctic seasons seeking the Magnetic Pole. He got knighted following his return to England. It was … On February 14, 1779, Captain James Cook, the great English explorer and navigator, is killed by natives of Hawaii during his third visit to the Pacific island James Clark Ross Died. 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